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Kern County Department of Agriculture and Measurement Standards

County of Kern
Agriculture and Measurement Standards
Statistics
Artificial Fruit
Kern County Crop Statistics
The Kern County Department of Agriculture and Measurement Standards compiles crop statistics by conducting surveys, analyzing permit data, and field checking various commodities throughout the year. The department also publishes an annual crop report each spring.
KERN COUNTY, CALIFORNIA SPRING POTATO ACREAGE
YEAR CHIPPERS REDS RUSSETS SPECIALTY WHITES YUKON GOLD TOTAL
1994 4,038 2,315 8,203 -- 4,858 N/A 19,414
1995 4,118 2,727 6,304 -- 4,727 N/A 17,876
1996 4,746 2,412a 8,831 -- 4,586b N/A 20,575
1997 4,015 2,803a 6,366 -- 4,514b N/A 17,698
1998 4,319 4,071a 6,644 -- 4,343 N/A 19,377
1999 4,954 2,896a 5,773 -- 3,805 778 18,206
2000 3,954 2,409 6,780 -- 3,235 680 17,058
2001 4,199 2,273 3,416 -- 2,996 929 13,813
2002 4,190 2,222 5,604 -- 2,524 842 15,382c
2003 4,293 2,476 5,497 -- 2,707 950 15,923c
2004 3,950 2,295 4,667 -- 2,784 1,176 14,872c
2005 2,933 1,794 3,533 -- 2,531 984 11,775c
2006 3,402 1,686 3,968 -- 1,932 1,068 12,056c
2007 3,745 2,047 4,030 -- 1,826 1,365 13,013c
2008 3,640 1,960 3,292 -- 1,679 1,431 12,002c
2009 3,950 1,898 3,516 -- 1,690 1,271 12,325c
2010 4,319d 1,844d 1,997 -- 1,625d 1,248d 11,033c, d
2011 5,335 1,846 2,723 -- 1,664 1,233 12,801c
2012 5,327 1,975 2,493 -- 1,464 1,404 12,663c
2013 5,248 1,655 850 -- 1,266 1,190 10,209c
2014 5,847 1,986 811 -- 1,221 1,493 11,358c
2015 5,863 1,613 506 450 1,213 1,191 10,836c
2016 5,892 1,743 40 550 1,054 1,469 10,748c
2017 6,883 1,498 0 750 978 1,469 11,578c
aReds and Others
bWhites and Golds
cOne major Kern County producer did not publicly release acreage.
dRevised April 27, 2011
 

 
KERN COUNTY, CALIFORNIA PLANTING & HARVESTING DATES

Commodity

Planting Dates

Harvesting Dates

 

 

 

Field Crops

 

 

 

Alfalfa Hay

09/01-10/31

03/20-10/31

Alfalfa Seed

11/01-03/31

08/01-09/15

Barley

11/15-01/15

05/20-06/25

Blackeyes

04/15-07/10

08/20-11/01

Corn

03/01-06/20

08/01-11/01

Corn Silage

03/01-08/01

06/15-11/15

Cotton

03/20-05/01

09/15-11/15

Garbanzo

11/10-01/15

06/20-08/01

Grain Sorghum

05/01-07/15

09/01-12/15

Oats

11/15-12/31

05/10-06/15

Safflower

01/15-03/01

07/01-08/15

Sugar Beets

09/20-11/20

06/20-08/15

Wheat

11/15-01/15

06/01-07/10

 

 

 

Citrus

 

Best planting time for Citrus is March-June

 

Pummelo

 

12/01-03/31

Grapefruit

 

*11/15-07/30

Lemon

 

*10/01-04/30

Lime

 

12/01-01/31

Mandarins

 

*10/01-03/15

Oranges

 

*10/15-09/30

Tangelo

 

01/01-03/31

 

 

 

Deciduous Fruit & Nut Trees

Best planting time for Stone Fruit & Nuts is January/February

 

Almonds

 

*08/04-10/15

Apples

 

*07/04-10/18

Apricots

 

*05/01-06/17

Avocado

 

*10/15-12/01

Fig

 

08/10-09/15

Kiwi

 

*10/25-11/25

Nectarine

 

*03/28-08/27

Peach

 

*05/01-11/01

Olives

 

10/01-10/25

Pears

 

08/03-09/05

Pecans

 

10/14-11/05

Persimmons

 

09/25-10/25

Pistachios

 

09/05-10/05

Plums

 

*04/30-08/24

Pomegranates

 

*08/15-09/30

Walnuts

 

09/10-10/04

Grapes, Raisin

 

08/15-09/20

Grapes, Wine

Best planting time for Grapes is March 15-April 15 (cutting/rooting)

*08/15-10/25

Grapes, Table

Best planting time for Grapes is May 1-June 15 (potted/greenhouse)

*06/25-11/24

 

 

 

Vegetable Crops

 

 

 

Asparagus**

01/01-04/01

03/10-05/15

Beans, Snap (spring)

03/01-05/31

06/15-07/30

Beans, Snap (fall)

07/01-08/31

09/01-11/01

Beans, Lima

04/01-07/31

06/04-11/03

Beets

09/01-05/31

10/25-08/19

Broccoli (spring)

01/20-02/20

04/15-05/15

Broccoli (fall)

08/01-10/15

10/20-01/15

Cabbage

07/31-02/28

11/01-07/01

Carrots (spring, summer)

11/15-03/20

04/01-07/15

Carrots (fall, winter)

07/01-09/01

10/15-03/15

Cauliflower

07/01-02/28

10/01-07/01

Celery

08/01-10/31 & 01/01-02/28

01/25-05/20 & 06/25-09/20

Collards

08/01-02/28

10/15-05/25

Cucumber

02/15-03/15

04/15-06/15

Eggplant

03/01-05/31

07/10-10/20

Endive

09/01-02/28

12/01-06/01

Garlic

09/20-11/01

06/20-08/15

Herbs

11/01-04/30

Varies by variety

Kale

09/01-02/28

10/25-05/05

Kohlrabi

09/01-03/31

10/15-06/01

Leek

01/01-03/31

06/01-09/20

Lettuce (spring)

11/10-01/01

03/20-05/01

Lettuce (fall)

07/20-08/20

10/15-11/15

Melons, Cantaloupe

02/20-03/15

06/25-07/15

Melons, Honeydew

03/10

06/15-08/10

Melons, Persian

03/01

06/01-07/10

Melons, Watermelon

02/20-03/20

07/01-08/10

Mustard

09/01-03/31

10/05-05/10

Okra

04/01-07/31

05/20-10/05

Onions (dehydrator)

11/15-02/01

07/01-08/30

Onions (fresh)

11/15-02/28

05/25-07/15

Parsley

10/01-06/30

12/10-10/01

Parsnip

01/01-05/31

04/10-10/01

Peas (early spring)

11/15

04/01-05/10

Peppers, Bell (fresh)

03/01-04/30

06/20-08/20

Potatoes (fall)

08/01-08/30

11/25-03/10

Potatoes (early summer)

11/20-03/15

04/15-07/15

Pumpkin

04/01-06/30

04/05-11/01

Radish

08/01-05/31

08/20-07/20

Rutabaga

09/01-11/30

11/20-03/05

Spinach

09/01-02/28

10/10-04/20

Squash

03/01-07/31

04/20-12/01

Sunflower

02/01-07/31

04/10-10/20

Sweet Corn (late spring)

02/20-07/15

05/15-11/01

Sweet Potato

04/01-06/30

08/01-11/01

Swiss Chard

09/01-04/30

10/20-07/01

Tomatoes (canning)

02/15-03/30

07/01-08/20

Tomatoes (spring, fresh)

01/20-02/15

06/01-07/15

Turnip

08/01-04/30

09/05-06/20

* Depending on variety                 **Usually planted winter or early spring; first harvest two years later

Courtesy of University of California Cooperative Extension,
Kern Crops Planting & Harvesting Calendar and Vegetable Planting Guide for the Valley Area of Kern County

 

 
WEIGHTS AND PROCESSED YIELDS OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES IN RETAIL CONTAINERS, COMMON RETAIL CONTAINERS and VOLUMES & CONVERSIONS
Weights and Approximate Processed Yields for Fruits
PRODUCT RETAIL VOLUME NET WEIGHT (lb.) PROCESSED YIELD
Apples
bushel (bu)
42 to 48
1 bushel = 15 to 18 qt. canned applesauce
1 bushel = 30 to 36 qt. frozen applesauce
1 bushel = 10 to 12 qt. juice
1 peck (32 med. apples) = 4 qt. canned
1 1/4 to 1 1/2 lb. fresh = 1 pt. frozen
2 to 3 lb. fresh = 1 qt. canned
1 cup pared, sliced = 1/4 lb.
1/2 bushel bag
24
peck
10 to 14
Blackberries
6-qt. tray
10 to 12
1 1/2 to 3 lb. = 1 qt. canned
gallon
5 to 6
quart
1 1/4 to 1 1/2
Blueberries
6-qt. tray
9 to 12
2 1/4 to 3 lb. = 1 qt. canned
1 pt. fresh = 1 pt. frozen
1 cup = 1/3 lb.
gallon
6 to 8
quart
1 1/2 to 2
pint
3/4 to 1
Cherries
lug
15 to 16
2 to 2 1/2 lb. = 1 qt. canned, unpitted
1 pt. = 1 pt. frozen, unpitted
1 cup = 1/3 lb.
quart
1 1/2 to 1 3/4
pint
1 1/4 to 1 1/2
Grapes
(with stems)
bushel
44 to 50
1 bu = 16 qt. of juice
1 cup (whole, stemmed) = 1/3 lb.
lug
24 to 28
2-qt. basket
2 1/2 to 3
Peaches
bushel
48 to 52
1 bu = 18 to 24 qt. canned
2 to 2 1/2 lb. = 1 qt. canned
1 to 1 1/2 lb. = 1 pt. frozen
1 cup = 2/5 lb.
1/2 bushel bag
24
lug
19 to 22
peck
12 to 14
Pears
bushel
48 to 50
1 bu = 20 to 25 qt. canned
2 to 2 1/3 lb. = 1 qt. canned
1 to 1 1/2 lb. = 1 pt. frozen
1 cup pared, sliced = 2/5 lb.
lug
21 to 24
peck
12 to 14
Plums
bushel
50 to 56
1 bu = 24 to 30 qt. canned
2 to 2 1/2 lb. = 1 qt. canned
1 cup halves = 1/3 lb.
peck
13 to 15
Raspberries
6 - qt. tray
8 to 10
1 cup = 1/3 lb.
3 - qt. tray
4
quart
1 1/4 to 1 1/2
pint
3/4
Strawberries
quart
1 1/4 to 1 1/2
1 lb. = 1 pt. frozen
4-qt. basket
6
6-qt. basket
10 to 12
8-qt. basket
12 to 15
8-qt. flat
12
24-qt. crate
36
 

 
Weights and Approximate Processed Yields for Vegetables
PRODUCT RETAIL VOLUME NET WEIGHT (lb.) PROCESSED YIELD
Asparagus
bushel (bu)
24
1 to 1 1/2 lb. = 1 pt. frozen
3 to 4 lb. = 1 qt. canned
pyramid crate
32
Beans, Lima
bushel
30
1 bu = 12 to 16 pt. frozen
3 to 5 lb. = 1 qt. canned
peck
8 to 9
Beans, Snap
bushel
28 to 30
1 bu = 30 to 45 pt. frozen
1 1/2 to 2 1/2 lb. = 1 qt. canned
1 bu = about 15-16 qt. canned
peck
8
Beets
bushel, topped
52
1 bu = 35 to 42 pt. frozen
2 to 3 1/2 lb. = 1 qt. canned
Broccoli
bushel
23 to 25
1 bu = 10 to 12 qt. canned
1 lb. = 1 pt. frozen
Brussels Sprouts
carton, loose pack
25
1 qt. = 1 1/2 pt. frozen
quart
1 1/2
Cabbage
flat crate
53 to 60
3 lb. = 1 qt. canned sauerkraut
1 lb. = 2 cups cooked
1 lb. = 4 cups shredded
carton
53
Carrots
bushel, topped
50
1 bu = 32 to 40 pt. frozen
2 to 3 lb. = 1 qt. canned
carton 2 dzn bunches 1 lb. each
23 to 27
Cauliflower
carton of 12 to 16 trimmed
18 to 24
2 med. heads = 3 pt. frozen, or 1 1/2 qt. canned
Collards
Sold by doz. bunches
3/4 - 1 lb. = 1 pt.
markets desire bunches to weigh 4 lb.
Corn, Sweet
bushel
35
60 ears = 14 to 17 pt. frozen
1 doz. ears = 1 to 1 1/2 qt. canned
wirebound crates
42 to 50
Cucumbers
bushel
48 to 50
1 bu = 24 qt. of dill pickles
peck
12 to 13
Eggplants
bushel
33 to 35
sometimes sold by count
Greens
bushel
18 to 20
1 to 1 1/2 lb. = 1 pt. frozen
Kale
bushel
18
1 bu = 6 to 9 qt. canned, 12 to 18 pt. frozen
Muskmelons
bushel
48
usually sold by count; vary widely in size by variety, 3 to 6 lb. Each
Okra
tall bushel hamper
26 to 30
1 bu = 17 qt. canned
34 to 40 pt. frozen
12 qt. basket
15 to 18
Onions
dry, sack
50
bunch, green - 48 bunches
15 to 18
Peas, English
green (unshelled)
bushel
28 to 30
1 bu = 12 to 15 pt. frozen
3 to 6 lb. = 1 qt. canned
peck
7 to 8
Peas, Southern
bushel hamper
25
3 1/2 - 4 = 1 qt.
Peas, Edible Pod
peck
8 to 10
quart

1 to 1 1/2

Peppers, Green Hot
bushel
25 to 30 2/3
2/3 lb. = pt. frozen
cartons
16 to 25
Potatoes, Irish
(mature)
sack
100
1 bu = 20 qt. canned
bushel
60
peck
15
Potatoes (new)
No. 10 bag
10
Pumpkins
pie pumpkins each
5 to 15
3 to 4 lb. = 1 qt. canned
Jack o'lantern each
15 to 40
Radishes
carton of 30 6 oz. film bags
12
also sold in bunches of 1/2 to 3/4 lb.
Rhubarb
bunch
2 to 2 1/2
1 lb. cooked = 3/4 cup
Rutabaga
bushel basket
56
1 lb. = 2 2/3 cups diced
peck
15
Squash, Summer
bushel
40 to 44
1 bu = 32 to 40 pt. frozen
2 to 4 lb. = 1 qt. canned
8 qt. basket
10
Squash, Winter
small each
1 to 4
3 lb. = 2 pt. frozen
2 1/2 to 3 lb. = 1 qt. canned
intermediate each
6 to 12
large each
15 to 40
Sweet Potatoes
bushel (cured)
50
2/3 lb. = 1 pt. frozen
2 to 3 lb. = 1 qt. canned
peck
12 to 13
Tomatoes
bushel
53
2 1/2 to 3 1/2 lb. = 1 qt. canned
1 bu = 15 to 20 qt. canned
paperboard box
25
8 qt. or peck basket
12 to 15
Turnips
(without tops)
mesh bag or bushel
50 to 56
1 lb. = 2 2/3 cups diced
Turnips
(with tops)
paperboard box
18 dozen
Watermelons
paperboard box
4 melons
usually sold by count
 

 
Common Retail Containers
COMMON NAME MATERIAL COMMON SIZE(S)
Baskets
wood
1/4 and 1/2 peck
1/2 and 1 bushel
Boxes, Cartons and Hampers
corrugated paper, often waved, or wood
from 1/2 peck to 1 bushel
Bags
paper and polyethylene, often with handles
1/4 peck to 1/2 bushel
Kraft paper bags
Grocery bag - 2/3 bushel
No. 20 bag - 8 quarts
No. 10 bag - 7 quarts
No. 8 bag - 4 quarts
No. 2 bag - 1 quart
Trays
corrugated paper
6 to 8 quarts (10 to 15 pounds)
Fruit and Veg. Baskets
corrugated paper with handles
2 to 8 quarts
Fruit Tills or Cups
pulp, cardboard, plastic, corrugated paper or wood
1/2 pint to 4 quarts
 

 
Volumes and Conversions
Bushel
8 gallons (dry)
32 quarts (dry)
64 pints (dry)
4 pecks
2,150 cubic inches
Peck
1/4 bushel
8 quarts (dry)
538 cubic inches
Lug
shallow containers, usually wood, that come in any size
Gallon
4 quarts
231 cubic inches
Quart
32 fluid ounces
58 cubic inches
Kilo (or kilogram)
2.205 pounds
Liter
1.057 quarts (liquid)
 

 
Conversion Factors and Weights and Measures for Agricultural Commodities and Their Products. Production and Marketing Administration, USDA, 96p. Magoon, C.E.
Container Net Weights. United Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Association, Alexandria VA. 1976.
 

 


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